HOVON 156: A Phase 3, Multicenter, Open-label, Randomized, Study of Gilteritinib Versus Midostaurin in Combination With Induction and Consolidation Therapy Followed by One-year Maintenance in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) or Myelodysplastic Syndromes With Excess Blasts-2 (MDS-EB2) With FLT3 Mutations Eligible for Intensive Chemotherapy
Gilteratinib versus Midostaurin
Dre Stavroula Masouridi-Levrat
Rue Gabrielle Perret-Gentil 4
+41 22 37 23 984
HUG - unité de recherche DFDL
Rue Gabrielle Perret-Gentil 4
+41 22 37 22 910
Prof. Olivier Spertini
Rue du Bugnon 46
+41 21 314 42 26
Primary objective :
Event-free survival (EFS)
Inclusion criteria :
- Age ≥18 years
- Newly diagnosed AML or MDS with excess of blasts-2 (EB2) defined according to WHO criteria (appendix A), with centrally documented FLT3 gene mutation (either TKD or ITD or both). AML may be secondary to prior hematological disorders, including MDS, and/or therapy-related. Patients may have had previous treatment with erythropoiesis stimulating agents (ESA) or hypomethylating agents (HMAs) for an antecedent phase of MDS. ESA and HMAs have to be stopped at least four weeks before registration.
- FLT3 mutation as assessed by DNA fragment analysis PCR for FLT3-ITD and FLT3-TKD mutation. Positivity is defined as a FLT3-ITD or FLT3-TKD / FLT3-WT ratio of ≥ 0.05 (5%).
- Considered to be eligible for intensive chemotherapy
- Patient is suitable for oral administration of study drug
- WHO/ECOG performance status ≤ 2
- Adequate hepatic function as evidenced by:
-> Serum total bilirubin ≤ 2.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN) unless considered due to leukemic involvement following written approval by the (co) Principal Investigator
-> Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) ≤ 3.0 × ULN, unless considered due to leukemic involvement
following written approval by the (co) Principal Investigator
- Adequate renal function as defined by creatinine clearance > 40 mL/min based on the Cockroft-Gault glomerular filtration rate (GFR)
- Written informed consent
- Patient is capable of giving informed consent
- Female patient must either:
-> Be of nonchildbearing potential
-> Or, if of childbearing potential: agree not to try to become pregnant during the study and for 6 months after the final study drug administration and have a negative
urine or serum pregnancy test at screening; and, if heterosexually active, agree to consistently use highly effective* contraception per locally accepted standards in
addition to a barrier method starting at screening and throughout the study period and for 6 months after the final study drug administration.
Prior to enrollment, the investigator is responsible for confirming patient will utilize highly effective forms of birth control per locally accepted standards during the
protocol defined period.
- Female patient must agree not to breastfeed starting at screening and throughout the study period, and for 2 months and 1 week after the final study drug administration.
- Female patient must not donate ova starting at screening and throughout the study period, and for 6 months after the final study drug administration.
- Male patient and their female partners who are of childbearing potential must be using highly effective contraception per locally accepted standards in addition to a barrier method starting at screening and continue throughout the study period and for 4 months and 1 week after the final study drug administration.
- Male patient must not donate sperm starting at screening and throughout the study period and for 4 months and 1 week after the final study drug administration.
- Patient agrees not to participate in another interventional study while on treatment
Exclusion criteria :
- Prior chemotherapy for AML or MDS-EB2, including prior treatment with hypomethylating agents. Hydroxyurea is allowed for the control of peripheral leukemic blasts in patients with leukocytosis (e.g., white blood cell [WBC] counts > 30 x 10^9/L)
- Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) with PML-RARA or one of the other pathognomonic variant fusion genes/chromosome translocations
- Blast crisis after CML
- Patient requires treatment with concomitant drugs that are strong inducers of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A
- Breast feeding at start of study treatment
- Active infection, including hepatitis B or C or HIV infection that is uncontrolled at randomization. An infection controlled with an approved or closely monitored antibiotic/antiviral/antifungal treatment is allowed.
- Patients with a currently active second malignancy. Patients are not considered to have a currently active malignancy if they have completed therapy and are considered by their physician to be at less than 30% risk of relapse within one year. However, patients with the following history/concurrent conditions are allowed:
-> Basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
-> Carcinoma in situ of the cervix
-> Carcinoma in situ of the breast
-> Incidental histologic finding of prostate cancer
- Significant active cardiac disease within 6 months prior to the start of study treatment, including:
-> New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV congestive heart failure
-> Myocardial infarction
-> Unstable angina and/or stroke
- Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 40% by ECHO or MUGA scan obtained within 28 days prior to the start of study treatment
- QTc interval using Fridericia's formula (QTcF) ≥ 450 msec (average of triplicate determinations) or other factors that increase the risk of QT prolongation or arrhythmic events (e.g., heart failure, family history of long QT interval syndrome). Prolonged QTc interval associated with bundle branch block or pacemaking is permitted with written approval of the (co) Principal Investigator.
- Patient with hypokalemia and/or hypomagnesemia at screening (defined as values below LLN) Note: electrolyte suppletion is allowed to correct LLN values before screening.
- Dysphagia, short-gut syndrome, gastroparesis, or other conditions that limit the ingestion or gastrointestinal absorption of orally administered drugs
- Clinical symptoms suggestive of active central nervous system (CNS) leukemia or known CNS leukemia. Evaluation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) during screening is only required if there is a clinical suspicion of CNS involvement by leukemia during screening
- Immediate life-threatening, severe complications of leukemia such as uncontrolled bleeding and/or disseminated intravascular coagulation
- Any other medical or psychological condition deemed by the Investigator to be likely to interfere with a patient's ability to give informed consent or participate in the study
- Any psychological, familial, sociological or geographical condition potentially hampering compliance with the study protocol and follow-up schedule